Guatemala is currently the leader in renewable energies, and countries such as the Dominican Republic have the aspiration to bring renewable energy production to 25%.
Guatemala reached 94 percent of renewable electricity generation, with hydroelectric, wind and solar power, which has allowed it to reduce the tariff charged to users by 50 percent, and the lack of subsidies from the authorities, reported Gutiérrez Mayorga and Gabriela Rivas, communications manager of Corporación Multi Inversiones (CMI), which has just inaugurated the Sola Mata de Palma Park, in Guerra, with an investment of US$72. 5 million dollars, and which will generate 50 megawatts of energy to be placed and sold in the integrated national system.
What are Renewable Energies?
They are those that come from sources considered inexhaustible, and which are characterized because in their transformation and exploitation processes they are not consumed on a human scale, either because of the immense amount of energy they contain or because they are capable of regenerating themselves over time. Among these sources of energy are hydro, solar, wind and ocean energy. Similarly, depending on their mode of exploitation, energy from biomass, geothermal energy and biofuels can also be classified as renewable.
The renewable energies are usually classified into conventional and non-conventional, depending on the degree of development of the technologies for their use and the predominance in the energy markets in which they are presented.
Among the conventional ones, the most important to date is large-scale hydropower. On the other hand, at the national level, Non-Conventional Renewable Energy Sources (NCRE) are defined as wind, small hydroelectric (power plants up to 20 MW), biomass, biogas, geothermal, solar and ocean energy.
Although it is a very established concept at present, it is not surprising that given the notable entry and establishment of some of the aforementioned, it is possible that at some point they become conventional, as may be the case of solar, which has been widely developed in recent years.
Why aspire to be like Guatemala?
The Dominican Republic aspires to bring renewable energy production to 25 percent, according to the government program of President Luis Abinader. CMI wants to accompany the government in that purpose.
Rivas said that the company he works for is interested in continuing investing in renewable energy in the Dominican Republic, because they already have 20 years as owners managing Molinos del Ozama and Molinos Modernos, two companies that work with food production.